While enterprises’ reliance on IT systems continues to increase, IT systems are facing an increasing variety of threats. In the global trend of strengthening industry supervision and internal control, IT is increasingly playing an important role. IT not only needs to provide a guaranteed environment for business risk control, but its own risk control is also receiving much attention. IT risk also becomes part of business risk. IT risk refers to the process of information processing and the application of information technology, which may become various uncertain factors that affect the realization of organizational goals. IT risks include information technology risks at the organizational level, information technology risks at the general control level, and information technology risks at the business process level.
The continuous integration of IT and business is putting more and more CIOs under unprecedented pressure. On the one hand, any disturbances in IT may have an impact on IT-dependent businesses, which makes CIOs must pay extra attention to any potential risks of IT. On the other hand, as business processes are gradually solidified by IT systems, some risks that originally belonged to other departments began to be transferred to IT departments and CIOs. In order to alleviate this pressure, the CIO must discover any potential risks in the IT system as much as possible, because once these risks evolve into accidents, the CIO must take responsibility and pay a price for this. One of the important responsibilities of the information system audit (hereinafter referred to as “IT audit”) is to help the CIO discover these potential risks. Therefore, the reason why IT audits is becoming more and more important in enterprises because of business stability and IT risk considerations.
In terms of responding to IT risks, the importance of IT audits includes two levels: The first is to prevent risks: IT audits can help companies identify and prevent risks in the IT systems that support the business, and can also help companies audit IT systems avoid possible risks from external compliance. The second is to cooperate with the CIO to effectively manage the risks found in the audit and make risk prevention better. IT auditing first appeared in the financial industry with deeper IT applications, and then gradually expanded to other industries.
The goal of IT audit is to assist the organization’s information technology managers to effectively fulfill their responsibilities to achieve the organization’s information technology management goals. The organization’s information technology management objectives are to ensure that the organization’s information technology strategy fully reflects the organization’s business strategic objectives, improve the reliability, stability, security, and data processing integrity and accuracy of the information system on which the organization depends, and improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the information system operation ensure that the operation of the information system complies with the relevant requirements of laws, regulations, and compliance.
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